Incidents in the area of the factory occurred in November 1942 and October 1944, causing the explosion of a portion of the stored ammunition, which cost several workers' lives. Date Deutsch: römisches Amphitheater in Xanten, NRW Русский: Северный Рейн-Вестфалия, г. Ксантен, Археологический парк - римский амфитеатр (панорама) In 2012, the Archaeological Park was expanded to nearly the whole area of the Roman colonia after Bundesstraße 57 was moved away from the area. On 15 July 1228, Xanten was given town rights by the Archbishop of Cologne, Heinrich of Molenark. Parts of a nature reserve called Bislicher Insel are located in the municipality as well. In May 1940, the German 256th infantry division was transferred to Xanten to take part in the forthcoming invasion of the Netherlands. Oberbirten liegt am Fuße des Fürstenbergs inmitten von Laub- und Nadelwald , Unterbirten am Altrhein in direkter Nähe des Naturschutzgebiets Bislicher Insel . In the second half of the 8th century a church was built on the grounds of an old cemetery of the ancient Roman colony and called Sanctos (super Rhenum) (also mentioned as ad Sanctum). Das Amphitheater der Colonia Ulpia Traiana war eine typische Stein-erbaute kreisförmige theater, das zu einer größeren Stadt, wie die römische Colonia Ulpia Traiana, die im zweiten Jahrhundert nach Christus. haben musste. Thereupon a church was built at the Großer Markt (Great Marketplace), which was expanded with a spire in 1622. door de Romeinen gebouwd bij de stad Colonia Ulpia Traiana.Het amfitheater werd gebruikt ter vermaak van de burgers in de stad en de Romeinse soldaten van het nabijgelegen Castra Vetera.De stad werd in 276 n.Chr. Numerous modern stadiums, multi-purpose halls, concert halls and theatre buildings, have also been named Amphitheater.For these, see Stadium, Theatre buildings, or Concert hall. On 8 March 1945, Xanten was finally taken by Canadian troops. Es ist die größte Veranstaltung war der Standort des alten Vorgänger-Stadt des heutigen Nordrhein-Westfalen, Xanten, war eine Ovale Arena untergebracht, dass 10.000 Menschen. While Xanten, with its rich Viktor Convent, was still being besieged by Norsemen in 863, in 1122 the place already appears as part of a trading network at the Lower Rhine. haben musste. The reconstruction of the town and the cathedral was influenced particularly by the archaeologist and monument conservationist Walter Bader, and lasted until 1966. Ein Amphitheater (griechisch amphi ‚um … herum‘) ist ein Rundtheater der Antike, typischerweise ohne geschlossenes Dach, aber unter Umständen mit einem Sonnensegel bestückbar. Funktion und Bezeichnung [Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]. The date and location of the first true amphitheatre are unknown, but the tradition of gladiator fights had roots in the Etruscan and Osco-Samnite cultures. Xanten was administered within the Prussian Rhine Province from 1822 to 1945. Es war die größte Veranstaltungsstätte der antiken Vorgängerstadt des heutigen nordrhein-westfälischen Xanten, besaß eine ovale Arena und fasste bis zu 10.000 Menschen. The agitation had the effect of reducing the Jewish population of the town, and Buschoff himself had to leave. In 122, Vetera II became the camp of Legio XXX Ulpia Victrix, replacing VI Victrix which had moved to Britannia. After that, the economic situation deteriorated more rapidly. Das Amphitheater der Colonia Ulpia Traiana war eine typische Stein-erbaute kreisförmige theater, das zu einer größeren Stadt, wie die römische Colonia Ulpia Traiana, die im zweiten Jahrhundert nach Christus. Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 In addition, the cathedral was hit by Allied bombs and damaged heavily. During the Second World War an ammunition factory of the Luftwaffe was established in a small forest close to the town, called Die Hees. Es war die größte Veranstaltungsstätte der antiken Vorgängerstadt des heutigen nordrhein-westfälischen Xanten, besaß eine ovale Arena und fasste bis zu 10.000 Menschen. Il appartient aujourd'hui au parc archéologique de Xanten et est utilisé pour les festivals d'été.. Voir aussi. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. The Rhine had been a basis of Xanten's status as a trading town until the river bed shifted away from the town, causing its economic situation to deteriorate. Reconstructed Roman amphitheatre in Archäologischer Park Xanten First settlements by isolated tribes can be dated around the year 2000 BC. [citation needed].  51,66222 ° N 6,45389 ° E.  / Koordinaten: 51 ° 39'44 "N 06 ° 27'14" E.  /. Deutsch: römisches Amphitheater in Xanten, NRW Русский: Северный Рейн-Вестфалия, г. Ксантен, Археологический парк - римский амфитеатр (панорама) Als Amphitheater wurde in der Antike zunächst ein Gebäude bezeichnet, bei dem um den Ort einer Vorführung herum (ἀμφί amphi) Zuschauerränge (θέατρον théatron) errichtet worden waren.Daher wurde die Bezeichnung auch auf den Circus angewandt. 1981, ISBN 3-7611-0627-0 (Edition antike Welt). In 1263 the foundation stone for the Gothic St. Victor cathedral was laid. In September 1927, the Catholic Church municipality celebrated its 1,600th anniversary; in 1937 Pope Pius XI granted the right for the cathedral of St. Viktor to be called a basilica minor. The colonia was a completely new town with a town wall and other buildings like an amphitheater. The remaining opposition consisted of communists and liberal politicians lacking a clear political mandate. This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. Het Amfitheater van Xanten is een antiek Romeins amfitheater bij de Duitse stad Xanten.. Het amfitheater werd aan het begin van de 2e eeuw n.Chr. This page was last edited on 23 September 2020, at 19:01. As the local council of the Deutsche Zentrumspartei was dissolved, three of formerly eight town council members were group members of the NSDAP. The name of "place of saints" was derived from the assumed grave of the martyr Viktor of Xanten and is the source of today's municipal name of Xanten. At the Xantener Südsee and Xantener Nordsee, two lakes connected by a channel close to the localities Wardt and Vynen, the Freizeitzentrum Xanten (Xanten Leisure Center) was established in 1982. Nederlands: Het gedeeltelijk herbouwde amphitheater in het Archeologisch Park Xanten. Reconstruction of the roman Amphitheatre in Xanten, based in the original foundations Media in category "Reconstructed Roman amphitheatre (APX)" The following 96 files are in this category, out of 96 total. Following the Battle of Andernach the same year the Rhineland was reaffirmed to the kingdom of Otto I. {{de|1=Das rekonstruierte Amphitheater im Archäologischen Park in Xanten.}} Around 15 BC the Roman castrum or camp Vetera was created on the Fürstenberg near modern-day Birten. LVR-Archäologischer Park Xanten liegt 530 Meter westlich von Amphitheater der Colonia Ulpia Traiana. On 28 November 1988, Xanten was granted the title of a Staatlich anerkannter Erholungsort (state-recognized leisure town) as the first such town in the region of Düsseldorf. Date: 14 February 2005 (original upload date) Source: Transferred from nl.wikipedia to Commons. Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. In 363, during the reign of Julian, the Christian Viktor of Xanten is supposed to have been executed together with 360 other members of the Theban Legion near the modern town of Birten for refusing to sacrifice to the Roman gods. . I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following license: Add a one-line explanation of what this file represents. Birten liegt wenige Kilometer südöstlich von Xanten und teilt sich in die zwei Ortsteile Oberbirten und Unterbirten, die durch die Bundesstraße 57 voneinander getrennt werden. Wappen: Lage von Xanten im Bezirk Wesel. Aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie. Other localities (Bezirke) belonging to the town of Xanten include Birten, Lüttingen, Marienbaum, Vynen, Obermörmter, Wardt, Mörmter, Willich, Beek and Ursel. L'Amphithéâtre de Xanten se situe dans la colonie romaine Colonia Ulpia Traiana, dans la province romaine de Germanie (actuellement Xanten, à l'extrême ouest de l'Allemagne, en Rhénanie-du-Nord-Westphalie). Bron: zelf gemaakt. Xanten (German pronunciation: , Lower Franconian Santen) is a town in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.It is located in the district of Wesel.. ... Amphitheater der Colonia Ulpia Traiana - Wikipedia . Missing or empty |title= (help), Location of Xanten within Wesel district, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Set of Roman silvered-bronze horse trappings from Xanten, Diederich Franz Leonhard von Schlechtendal, Der Knabenmord in Xanten vor dem Schwurgericht zu Cleve vom 4. bis 14. Xanten wikipedia. Um eine rund oder oval angelegte Arena steigen stufenweise Sitzreihen an. Viktor of Xanten or Saint Viktor is a martyr and saint of the Catholic and the Eastern Orthodox Church.Since the 12th century, his presumed bones have been kept in a shrine, which is embedded into the high altar of the Xanten Cathedral today. Augusta Hönle, Anton Henze: Römische Amphitheater und Stadien. Date: 1 May 2009, 12:34:33 (according to Exif data) Source: Own work: Author: Andy1982: Licensing. zerstört. In the 17th century Xanten was (along with Cleves) inherited by the Margraviate of Brandenburg. Foto: Wikimedia, CC BY-SA 2.5. WikiZero Özgür Ansiklopedi - Wikipedia Okumanın En Kolay Yolu . Subsequently, in 310 in the area of the colonia a new town was established, named Tricensimae ("of the Thirtieth"), which was built on the nine central insula of the former colonia but fortified and more easily defended. During this trial, it was found that the accusations were based on mere hearsay, and contained impossible assertions. Only graves from this time have been discovered. The colonia became the second most important commercial post in the province of Germania Inferior, surpassed only by Colonia Agrippinensis (today's Cologne). It is located in the district of Wesel. Historical buildings in the town centre have been restored. The town borders the Lower Rhine and the town of Rees to the north, the town of Wesel to the east, the municipalities of Alpen and Sonsbeck to the south, and the towns of Uedem and Kalkar to the west. Considered a martyr and a saint by the Roman Catholic Church as well as the Eastern Orthodox Church, Viktor of Xanten is commemorated in Xanten Cathedral, where his relics are kept in a shrine embedded in the high altar. When allied troops reached Xanten in February 1945, mayor Schöneborn left the town. The following persons were born in Xanten or in the local boroughs of Xanten: This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. His feast day is October 10. The first settlements by isolated tribes can be dated to around the year 2000 BC. The agitation in the anti-Semitic press, as well as at anti-semitic meetings, where it was insinuated that the Jews had bribed or intimidated the authorities in order to prevent the discovery of the truth, compelled the government to arrest Buschoff and his family (14 October 1891). With him fled almost the entire town administration to areas to the east. Vetera (auch: Vetera Castra; zuweilen in der älteren Literatur, auf Landkarten und umgangssprachlich auch Castra Vetera) war der Name für den Ort zweier zeitlich aufeinander folgender römischer Legionslager in der Provinz Germania inferior nahe dem heutigen Xanten am Niederrhein.Die Legionslager von Vetera gehörten zum Niedergermanischen Limes. Between 1819 and 1844, excavations were carried out at the Roman ruins. While citizens of Xanten worked there at the beginning of the war, women and children, and especially foreigners were forced to perform hard labour at the plant as the war progressed. After the destruction of Vetera a second camp became established at the Bislicher Insel, named Castra Vetera II, which became the base camp of Legio VI Victrix. English: Reconstructed amphitheater in the archaeological park Xanten of the Roman city Colonia Ulpia Traiana. Xanten is visited by approximately one million tourists a year. Deutsch: Das rekonstruierte Amphitheater im Archäologischen Park in Xanten. By the end of the 14th century, Xanten was surrounded by a town wall. Two massacres of Jews occurred during the First Crusade, on (1 and 27 June 1096). According to the legend of the Nibelungs, the mythical Siegfried of Xanten was born ze Santen an dem Rhîne. The town borders the Lower Rhine and the town of Rees to the north, the town of Wesel to the east, the municipali… haben musste. Among other schools there is one gymnasium (grammar school), the Stiftsgymnasium Xanten, and a private school for girls, the Marienschule, in Xanten. Xanten is twinned with Geel in Belgium, Saintes in France, Salisbury in the United Kingdom and Beit Sahour in the Palestinian National Authority. [citation needed]. English: Inscription of 1983 at reconstructed Roman amphitheater, Xanten, Germany. Nevertheless, at the beginning of the 20th century only 5% of the population were of Protestant denomination. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. Der Archäologische Park Xanten ist ein Freilichtmuseum bei Xanten am Niederrhein. |Source=Eigenes Werk (own work) |Author=[[User:Andy1982|An, Flash did not fire, compulsory flash suppression. Amphitheater in Xanten (Deutschland) Im Ar­chäo­lo­gi­schen Park Xan­ten wird die an­tike Stadt Co­lo­nia Ulpia Traiana, die einst 10.000 Ein­woh­ner zählte, teil­re­kon­stru­iert. At the same time, the ruins of the Colonia Ulpia Traiana, which had been used as a quarry since the Roman settlement was given up, aroused the interest of archaeologists. After being taken by the Dukes of Cleves, in the wake of war and crop failure, the number of inhabitants slumped from 5,000 at the beginning of the 16th century to approximately 2,500 by the end of the 18th century. Amphitheater in Xanten (Deutschland) Im Ar­chäo­lo­gi­schen Park Xan­ten wird die an­tike Stadt Co­lo­nia Ulpia Traiana, die einst 10.000 Ein­woh­ner zählte, teil­re­kon­stru­iert. The real murderer was never discovered, and the possibility that the death of the child was due to an accident was not entirely disproved. Under pressure from this agitation, Buschoff was rearrested (8 February), and tried before a jury at Cleves (4–14 July 1892). In 1460 a monastery of the Bridgettines was established, with an abbey church called St. Mariä Himmelfahrt (Assumption of Mary) which nowadays serves as a parish church. This included the destruction of the local prayer room and the devastation of several dwellings of Jewish inhabitants on Reichskristallnacht of 9 November 1938. It was intended as a base for campaigns into Germania and until its destruction during the Revolt of the Batavi in 70 AD it was occupied by 8,000 to 10,000 legionaries, and was the main base of the Classis germanica. His successor was Friedrich Karl Schöneborn, while the post of deputy mayor was given to Heinrich Prang junior. In the course of the local re-organization in 1969, the localities Birten, Lüttingen, Marienbaum, Obermörmter, Vynen and Wardt were integrated into Xanten, so that around 16,000 inhabitants lived within the town boundaries. In 1392 the northern part of the town came into the possession of the Dukes of Cleves, while the southern part remained with the Archbishopric of Cologne. Castra Vetera oder Xantum) ist eine Mittlere kreisangehörige Stadt des Kreises Wesel.Sie liegt im Nordwesten Nordrhein-Westfalens am unteren Niederrhein.In der unmittelbaren Nähe des Stadtkerns befanden sich vor etwa 2000 Jahren ein römisches Legionslager, Vetera sowie die Colonia Ulpia Traiana.Die Colonia wurde allerdings um 275 n. Chr. English: An Amphitheatre is an ancient Roman building used for spectator sports, games and displays. Il appartient aujourd'hui au parc archéologique de Xanten et est utilisé pour les festivals d'été.. Voir aussi. Amphitheater im LVR-Archäologischen Park in Xanten Amphitheater in Pompeji ... Amphitheater von Arles. Boccard, Paris 1988 (Publications du Centre Pierre Paris 18, 1–2, Das Amphitheater der Colonia Ulpia Traiana war ein typisches aus Stein gebautes Rundtheater, das eine größere Stadt wie die römische Colonia Ulpia Traiana im zweiten Jahrhundert n. Chr. Protestantism was placed on an equal footing with the Roman Catholic Church, as confirmed by the Treaty of Xanten on 12 November 1614. Anti-Semitic agitation connected the Jewish butcher and former shoḥeṭ Adolf Buschoff with this crime, and the local priest, Father Bresser, lent support to this rumour by publishing articles on ritual murder in the paper Bote für Stadt und Land, which he edited. The Canadian military lost, according to their own data, 400 soldiers in the fight against the defending Fallschirmjäger (paratroops) under the command of Eugen Meindl. Eintrag zu Römisches Amphitheater in Birten in der Datenbank „KuLaDig“ des Landschaftsverbands Rheinland; Literatur. The evidence against the man, who had always borne a good reputation, was so flimsy, however, that he was discharged (20 December). 2 Bände. At the beginning of the 5th century, assaults by Germanic tribes rapidly increased, with the result that Tricensimae was finally given up. The first settlements by isolated tribes can be dated to around the year 2000 BC. By the beginning of the 21st century, the Protestant share of the population had increased to some 20%. Koordinaten: 51 ° 39'44 "N 06 ° 27'14" E  /. Xanten [ˈksantən] (lat. Die Colonia Ulpia Traiana CUT war eine römische Stadt Colonia auf dem Gebiet des heutigen Xanten Nordrhein - Westfalen Sie bestand etwa von 100 bis The division of Xanten was a cause of a conflict between Cleves and Cologne, which ended when the whole of Xanten was awarded to the Duchy of Cleves in 1444. 2018-08-25 APX GLAM 05.jpg 8,192 × 1,856; 3.29 MB. Xanten . Das freie Gelände ringsum erleichterte den Zugang für die Besuchermassen. L'Amphithéâtre de Xanten se situe dans la colonie romaine Colonia Ulpia Traiana, dans la province romaine de Germanie (actuellement Xanten, à l'extrême ouest de l'Allemagne, en Rhénanie-du-Nord-Westphalie). Around 15 BC the Roman castrum or camp Vetera was created on the Fürstenberg near modern-day Birten. On 29 June 1891, Johann Hegemann, the five-year-old son of a local cabinet maker, was found dead in a neighbour's barn, with his throat cut from ear to ear. In 1905, Xanten had about thirty Jews out of a total population of 3,770. In 275 the colonia was almost destroyed by Germanic tribes. Das Amphitheater der Colonia Ulpia Traiana war ein typisches aus Stein gebautes Rundtheater, das eine größere Stadt wie die römische Colonia Ulpia Traiana im zweiten Jahrhundert n. Chr. door de Franken verwoest en … Es ist die größte Veranstaltung war der Standort des alten Vorgänger-Stadt des heutigen Nordrhein-Westfalen, Xanten, war eine Ovale Arena untergebracht, dass 10.000 Menschen. New York: Funk & Wagnalls. In 1802, the Viktor-convent was secularized by Napoléon Bonaparte, and the libraries of closed monasteries and the convent library were merged. Vetera (auch: Vetera Castra; zuweilen in der älteren Literatur, auf Landkarten und umgangssprachlich auch Castra Vetera) war der Name für den Ort zweier zeitlich aufeinander folgender römischer Legionslager in der Provinz Germania inferior nahe dem heutigen Xanten am Niederrhein.Die Legionslager von Vetera gehörten zum Niedergermanischen Limes. For these, see Ancient theatres. In 1975, the Archäologischer Park Xanten (Xanten Archaeological Park), a partial reconstruction of the Roman Colonia Ulpia Traiana, was established and opened for tourism. In 939 troops under Otto I, King of Germany defeated rebellious Franconian, Saxon and Lotharingian troops under Eberhard of Franconia in the Battle of Birten near Xanten. Birten liegt wenige Kilometer südöstlich von Xanten und teilt sich in die zwei Ortsteile Oberbirten und Unterbirten, die durch die Bundesstraße 57 voneinander getrennt werden. It was intended as a base for campaigns into Germania and until its destruction during the Revolt of the Batavi in 70 AD it was occupied by 8,000 to 10,000 legionaries, and was the main base of the Classis germanica. Ingo Runde: Bertuna, Beurtina, Biorzuna, Bierzuni, Biertana, Birten. The Jewish Encyclopedia. The river even flooded and destroyed the locality of Birten several times. This action aroused the anti-Semites to still stronger agitation, which culminated in a heated debate in the Prussian Diet. Today, it is a popular destination for sailors. The area of the town increased from 8 km² to 72 km². In the same month the bombardment of the town had begun, killing civilians and destroying parts of Xanten. Expellees from East Prussia were resettled in Xanten and caused the population to rise by almost 40%. Between 1990 and 2004, the number of inhabitants rose from 16,930 to about 22,000. In the course of this argument, Stoecker, the ex-court chaplain, repeated the accusation of ritual murder, and hinted at Jewish influence as the cause of the failure to find the murderer (7 February 1892). Ein Amphitheater (lateinisch amphitheatrum; von griechisch ἀμφιθέατρον) ist ein Rundtheater der römischen Antike, typischerweise ohne geschlossenes Dach, aber unter Umständen mit einem Sonnensegel bestückbar.

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